Fallacy is a pretty challenging word, but we're here to help you better understand it...with EXAMPLES!
When learning new words, it's important to see how they're used, or to see them in the different contexts in which they're often used, and that's just what we'll do to help you better understand fallacy (and many other English words!). By seeing different ways you can use fallacy in a sentence, as well as synonyms and antonyms of fallacy, you will have a much better grasp on how it should be used, and you'll feel more confortable with using it much sooner.
Below you will find the definition of fallacy, followed by 40 sample sentences (from real sources), gradually increasing in length.
(noun) - a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning
EXAMPLES - Fallacy in a Sentence
- A fallacy is an argument based on a false premise. (source)
- It seems safe to call a fallacy the idea that civilization excludes wild life. (source)
- A fallacy is "an argument which provides poor reasoning in support of its conclusion." (source)
- The ecological fallacy occurs whenever one tries to infer from averages to individuals. (source)
- It's sometimes very effective in that implied within the fallacy is a charge of hypocrisy. (source)
- According to traditional accounts, a fallacy is a pattern of poor reasoning which appears to be (source)
- Kornbelt888: A fallacy is "an argument which provides poor reasoning in support of its conclusion." (source)
- The false dilemma fallacy limits the choices given even if other valid choices are there but not used. (source)
- The implied fallacy is that the character of a speaker doesn't reflect on the strength of his argument. (source)
- In logic and rhetoric, a fallacy is a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning in argumentation. (source)
- This is called the fallacy of subjective (or personal) validation, the "I tried it and it worked" argument. (source)
- The main fallacy is that the tax does not acknowledge the largely static nature of short term energy demand. (source)
- The fallacy is the requiring variation in domesticity to go beyond the limits of the same variation under nature. (source)
- Are we not in danger of falling into what many philosophers of science call the fallacy of misplaced concreteness? (source)
- Another fallacy is the idea that traps are set indiscriminately, leaving some people to believe that pets are in danger. (source)
- In technical language, it might be described as the fallacy of putting what is intelligible in the place of what is true. (source)
- February 7th, 2010 at 11: 30 am gummitch -- this space for rent says: drhunt: A fallacy is an argument based on a false premise. (source)
- This fallacy, which is not uncommon in practice where the terms are complicated, is known as the fallacy of the undistributed middle. (source)
- While the common usage of the word fallacy deceptive argument which seems correct, but upon further examination is found to be incorrect. (source)
- And yet in this idea there lies a fallacy, and the fallacy is the belief that in this modern world there is any such thing as independence. (source)
- The fallacy is the conception of the Cosmos as something separate and apart from man, as something through which he, however briefly, passes. (source)
- The fallacy is assuming the words on the surface "save jobs", "protect domestic manufacuring" etc. are the real motivation for the transaction. (source)
- To this the reply seems to be that it is with prayer as it is with argument: a fallacy is a fallacy, just as much before it is detected as afterwards. (source)
- Another major fallacy is that the science is tracking or lead by the politics. 100% untrue and suggests a fundamental misunderstanding of the nature of science. (source)
- The fallacy occurs when a writer likens the transistors in a computer to the synapses in a brain, usually as part of an effort to make computers seem like brains. (source)
- Haha, I'll have to remember that when I bump into my attorney amigos ... and I really wasn't trying to be a smart ass, that's what the fallacy is technically called. (source)
- The generalisation of the second kind of unity, namely, that derived from scientific laws, would be equally fallacious, though the fallacy is a trifle less elementary. (source)
- The fallacy is that you are accepting the father's testimony while omitting the countervailing evidence that convinced an independent jury of the defendant's innocence. (source)
- I recently wrote a post that was partly about how the fallacy is used to "prove" sex discrimination in wages ... just like it's been used to "prove" genetic inferiority. (source)
- * The Base Rates fallacy occurs whenever a conclusion is drawn about a phenomenon without looking at the rate of some occurrence in the entire population (the base rate). (source)
- He there shows that the fallacy is a material one: being a false assumption of the major premise, viz., that the sum of an infinite series is itself always infinite (whereas it may be finite). (source)
- This may be called the fallacy of transcendent inference: since the Canons are only applicable to instances of events that can be compared; they cannot deal with that which is in its nature unique. (source)
- While there may be some truth to this assertion with regard to holding (and even some purchasing of) Treasuries, the analysis suffers from a common economic fallacy, that is, the sunk-cost argument. (source)
- Thus it is, that the Poet's idea of "distance lending enchantment to the view," is not merely a fanciful idea, but a serious practical fallacy, which is constantly imposing upon mankind in some form or other. (source)
- A false equivalence fallacy occurs when someone falsely equates an act by one party as being equally egregious to that of another without taking into account the underlying differences which may make the comparison patently invalid. (source)
- Additionally, it is logically invalid to make inferences about a group based on the actions on a few individuals, and in particular when evidence is excluded to bias the result (in statistics, this is called the fallacy of exclusion). (source)
- In response to your first point, you allude to the idea that the viewer has to come to one conclusion or another (either violence against oppressors or non-violence) which essentially poses a false dilemma fallacy: these are the only two options of action. (source)
- I used to have a simple answer to this question: In conflating the rights of the individual with those of the collective, liberals were guilty of what logicians call the fallacy of composition: the notion that what is true of a part must also be true of the whole. (source)
- The association of the names unfortunately makes us think of the countries as a whole, a word fallacy that leads to illimitable disaster.] [Footnote 66: p. 91.] [Footnote 67: The variability of war stories may be observed also in the columns of the _Times_ during the Crimean War. (source)
- + The ultimate reasons for the mother family and for a change to the father family are in the life conditions, industrial arts, war, pressure of population, etc. In fact, our terms are only names for a group of mores which cover some set of interests, and we need to be on our guard against the category fallacy, that is, against arguing from the contents of the classification which we have made. (source)
The average Flesch reading-ease score of the 40 example sentences provided below is 48.0, which suggests that "fallacy" is a difficult word that tends to be used by individuals of higher education, and is likely found in more advanced literature or in academia.
We have 44 synonyms for fallacy.
aberration, ambiguity, artifice, bias, casuistry, cavil, deceit, deception, deceptiveness, delusion, deviation, elusion, equivocation, erratum, erroneousness, error, evasion, falsehood, faultiness, flaw, heresy, illogicality, inconsistency, inexactness, invalidity, misapprehension, miscalculation, misconstrual, misinterpretation, mistake, non sequitur, notion, paradox, perversion, preconception, prejudice, quibbling, quirk, solecism, sophism, sophistry, speciousness, subterfuge, untruth
We have 19 antonyms for fallacy.
accuracy, certainty, conformity, correction, directness, evidence, facing, fact, fairness, frankness, honesty, meeting, openness, reality, right, sameness, surety, truth, truthfulness
PRONUNCIATION & SYLLABIFICATION
View up to 25 definitions of fallacy from 5 different sources, as well as parts of speech.
from The American Heritage© Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- (noun) A false notion.
- (noun) A statement or an argument based on a false or invalid inference.
- (noun) Incorrectness of reasoning or belief; erroneousness.
- (noun) The quality of being deceptive.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- (noun) Deceptive or false appearance; deceitfulness; that which misleads the eye or the mind; deception.
- (noun) An argument, or apparent argument, which professes to be decisive of the matter at issue, while in reality it is not. A specious argument.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- (noun) Deceptive or false appearance; deceitfulness; that which misleads the eye or the mind; deception.
- (noun) An argument, or apparent argument, which professes to be decisive of the matter at issue, while in reality it is not; a sophism.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- (noun) Deceptiveness; deception; deceit; deceitfulness; that which is erroneous, false, or deceptive; that which misleads; mistake.
- (noun) Specifically— A false syllogism; an invalid argumentation; a proposed reasoning which, professing to deduce a necessary conclusion, reaches one which may be false though the premises are true, or which, professing to be probable, infers something that is really not probable, or wants the kind of probability assigned to it.
- (noun) The fallacy of accident, arising when a syllogism is made to conclude that, because a given predicate may be truly affirmed of a given subject, the same predicate may be truly affirmed respecting all the accidents of that subject.
- (noun) The fallacy of speech respective and speech absolute, occurring when a proposition is affirmed with a qualification or limitation in the premises, but virtually without the qualification in the conclusion.
- (noun) The fallacy of irrelevant conclusion, or ignoration of the elench, occurring when the disputant, professing to contradict the thesis, advances another proposition which contradicts it in appearance but not in reality.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- (noun) a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning